The Sixteen Kinds of Aikido
The main variations of aikido every single have their personal Hombu Dojo in Japan, have an international breadth and were being started by direct learners of Morihei Ueshiba. Even though there has been an explosion of “independent variations” typically only the initially five outlined have been considered main. Iwama Ryu is a debateable sixth as, though its impact is main, it has right until not long ago been section of the Aikikai.
The major aikido organisation, and is led by the spouse and children of the founder. Many sub-organisations and teachers affiliate them selves with this umbrella organisation, which hence encompasses a vast wide range of aikido variations, training techniques and technological variances. Distinguished sub-organisations incorporate numeral nationwide Aikikai, as perfectly as several US based mostly which include United States Aikido Federation (USAF) and Aikido Universities of Ueshiba (ASU).
Founded by Gozo Shioda, this branch has a track record for staying the most rigidly exact. Pupils of Yoshinkan aikido practise essential movements as solo kata, and this design has been popular among the Japanese law enforcement. The international organisation related with the Yoshinkan design of aikido is acknowledged as the Yoshinkai, and has energetic branches in a lot of sections of the planet.
This kind was developed by Minoru Mochizuki, who was an early university student of O Sensei and also of Jigoro Kano at the Kodokan. This design involves features of aiki-budo alongside one another with areas of karate, judo and other arts. It is now carried on by his son, Hiroo Mochizuki, the creator of Yoseikan Budo.
4. Shodokan Aikido
Often termed Tomiki aikido, following its founder, this design use sparring and rule based mostly competitors in training as opposed to most many others. Men and women are likely to contend to prepare relatively than to prepare to contend. Kenji Tomiki, an early university student of O Sensei and also of Judo’s Jigoro Kano, thought that introducing an ingredient of competitors would provide to sharpen and emphasis the exercise due to the fact it was no lengthier analyzed in genuine beat. This latter watch was the result in of a break up with O Sensei’s spouse and children who firmly thought that there was no area for competitors in aikido training. Tomiki mentioned that at no issue did O Sensei basically cast him out.
five. Ki Culture
The Ki Culture, started by previous head-instructor of the Hombu dojo tenth dan Koichi Tohei, emphasises incredibly soft flowing tactics and has a unique plan for the progress of ki. It also has a unique method of ki-ranks alongside the conventional kyu and dan method. This design is termed Shin Shin Toitsu Aikido (or Ki-Aikido).
6. Iwama Ryu
Iwama Ryu emphasises the relation in between weapon tactics and barehand tactics, and a good deal of emphasis is placed on weapons training. Given that the death of its founder Morihiro Saito, the Iwama design has been practiced by golf equipment in the Aikikai and an independent organisation headed by Hitohiro Saito. Saito sensei was a very long time uchideshi of O Sensei, beginning in 1946 and staying with him as a result of his death. Numerous look at that Saito sensei was the university student who used most time right studying with O Sensei. Saito sensei mentioned he was trying to preserve and educate the artwork just as the founder of aikido taught it to him. Technically, Iwama-ryu seems to resemble the aikido O Sensei was training in the early 50s primarily in the Iwama dojo. The technological repertoire is quite massive.
Iwama Ryu Aikido, at the moment headed by Saito Hitohiro, is a independent organisation from the Aikikai. The Iwama Dojo is at the moment affiliated to the Aikikai and is not considered a independent design. Numerous instructors who were being deeply affected by Saito Morihiro look at them selves Iwama Design and style, on the other hand.
seven. Shin’ei Taido
Founded by the late Noriaki Inoue, nephew of Morihei Ueshiba.
Yoshokai aikido, started by then-hachidan Takashi Kushida-sensei of Yoshinkan aikido, is a remarkably centralised design of aikido, with test tactics yearly passed down with explanations from the house dojo. The syllabus contains a appreciable volume of weapons research, and like Yoshinkan, Yoshokai involves a lot of solo movements and exercise routines.
9. Tendoryu Aikido
Headed by Kenji Shimizu.
10. Shin Budo Kai
Headed by Shizuo Imaizumi.
Kokikai aikido, started by Shuji Maruyama in 1986, focuses on minimalist but productive method. It emphasises pure stances and ukemi that do not need superior breakfalls, and deemphasises atemi and tactics that result in soreness or undue distress to uke. As these, it is considered by some to be a “soft” design of aikido.
Headed by Rod Kobayashi. Tends to utilise movements which are incredibly tiny and affordable. Encourages learners to learn an aikido which is truly their personal, stresses the great importance of undertaking absent with the extraneous and concentrating on that which performs.
thirteen. Nippon Kan
Headed by Gaku Homma.
Headed by Luis Santos. The design of Steven Seagal. It is considered a “tough” design of aikido, focussing on the functional side of aikido and employing tactics that in genuine planet predicaments would be productive and in some cases brutal. Even though there are number of dojos in the United States, the amount is escalating.
fifteen. Nihon Goshin Aikido
Headed by Richard Bowe. It is considered a “tough” design of aikido, combining tactics from Karate, Judo and Daito-Ryu Aikijutsu. There are roughly a dozen dojos in the United States and none still left in Japan. Founded by Shoto Morita in Japan circa 1950. Spinoff variations incorporate Nihon Goshin Aikijutsu started by Walter Kopitov in 2000.
sixteen. Tenchin Budo Kai Aikido
Headed By Frank Ani Jr. This is a “tough” design Aikido, combining the basic principles of Tenshin and basic Aikikai variations alongside one another. It also involves tactics from Aikijujutsu producing it a incredibly functional and avenue productive version of Aikido. Only a number of qualified instructors educate this design of Aikido. This design is an independent design with no affiliations.